備望録

備忘録/英語/Jazz/ギター/将棋/

英検一級二次対策 メディア①

メディアの功罪や弊害、さらに細かくSNS、インターネット、電子書籍などについても聞かれる。いずれのトピックについても、メリット・デメリット・対応策などについて意見をまとめておく。

①Do the benefits of SNS outweigh the disadvantages?(SNSのメリットはデメリットを上回るか)

メリット

・簡単に情報収集ができる(access information easily)

・多くのひとに情報を発信できる(send information to many people)

・企業にとってはよい広告になる(good advertisement  for companies)

・遠く離れた友人とも頻繁に連絡を取れる(stay in touch with friends regardless of geographical condition)

デメリット

・不特定多数の人にプライバシーが晒される(privacy is exposed to a lot of unknown people)

・誤った情報が多々ある(wrong information)

・時間を浪費して(time-wasting)QOLの低下に繫がる(lead to undermining QOL)

情報化の時代、そしてSNSが普及している事実を踏まえると、メリットの方が強いように思える。以上を踏まえてアーギュメントは以下。

SNS improves human relationships. SNS helps people stay in touch with friends they cannot see regularly. SNS also helps shy or socially isorated people connect with other people. AIthough some people point out it is time-wasting, human relationships are valuable assets.

SNS make it easy to send useful information to many users. For example, when natural disasters like earthquakes happen, people can share detailed information about the disaster and evacuation. Although some people point out security problem of privacy, most users have net-etiquette called netiquette.

SNS will boost business because it work as cost-effective advertisement. For example, companies can increase their sales by attracting millions of users of twitter and facebook by using promotion advertisement on SNS.

 

②Does the benefit of of the internet outweigh its disadvantages?(インターネットのメリットはデメリットを上回るか)

情報社会の恩恵を享受している今の時代、インターネットを否定するのは難しいだろう。立場はイエスとしてアーギュメントは以下。

・The internet is a great source of information, which allows people to fid various kinds of information. For example, when you want to cook a pizza but you don't know how to cook, you can find high-quolity its recipe on the internet and even watch videos which explain how to cook it.

・The internet will expand business opprtunities through SNS and online advertising, thus contributes to national and glabal economic growth.

・The internet will widen educational opportunities. For example, e-learning system enable poor people to recieve high-quolity and cost-effective class through the internet.

・Although some people point out its disadvantages such as harmful web site for adolescent, ciber crime, I think its benefits far outweigh these this advantages.

なお、上記のデメリットに対しては

It's important for internet users to learn/develop media literacy so in that cace, you have to be more careful and cross-reference several web site.

It's important to upgrade your sofyware state of the art because it prevent you from ciber crime. In addition, changing your password regularly is also effective way in the point of security.

などと捌く。

③Should playing online games be discouraged?(オンラインゲームはやめさせるべきか)

エスでアーギュメントは以下。

・Online games are addictive enough to deprive people of their valuable time to spend on more productive activities such as study and exercise. Studing makes people more logical and academic, sophisticated, and exercicing make them more phisically strong and healthly.

・Online games can undermine player's health by increasing their sedantly bahaver and exposure of computer screens. I will be the cause of bad posture, eyestrain, and metabolic syndrome.

学習目的のゲームは子供の学力向上にとってよいのでは?と返されたら

・These kinds of games accounts for only a small percentage. MOst games are merely for entertaining porposes.

・Considering its health risk such as eyestrain, sleep deprivation, bad posture, and metabolic syndrome, I think that these disadvantages far outweigh its advantages.

などと捌く。